IVF Treatment

In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF) & associated treatments

In Vitro Fertilisation, in simple language, is growing, collecting and combining eggs with sperm in the laboratory to create embryos to be transferred to a woman’s womb.

  • Medications are given over several days to stimulate egg production and prepare the womb to receive embryos .
  • Eggs are collected by a minor surgical procedure under ultrasound guidance.
  • Eggs are inseminated with sperm and then embryos are cultured in the laboratory, of which one or two are transferred to a woman’s womb. Any remaining embryos will be frozen for possible use in later treatment cycles.

Associated treatments

  • ICSI is when a single sperm is injected into a single egg to achieve fertilization, specially indicated in cases where sperm count is substantially low or the quality is poor.
  • Blastocyst culture is when the embryos are grown for a longer duration in the laboratory, where they undergo critical developmental changes before being returned to the womb.
  • Assisted hatching is weakening the embryo shell to help them hatch before being transferred to the womb.
  • Surgical sperm retrieval is a minor surgical procedure to harvest sperm from the testicles.
  • Electro-ejaculation is a minor theatre procedure to overcome problems of erection and ejaculation.