In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF) & associated treatments
In Vitro Fertilisation, in simple language, is growing, collecting and combining eggs with sperm in the laboratory to create embryos to be transferred to a woman’s womb.
- Medications are given over several days to stimulate egg production and prepare the womb to receive embryos .
- Eggs are collected by a minor surgical procedure under ultrasound guidance.
- Eggs are inseminated with sperm and then embryos are cultured in the laboratory, of which one or two are transferred to a woman’s womb. Any remaining embryos will be frozen for possible use in later treatment cycles.
- ICSI is when a single sperm is injected into a single egg to achieve fertilization, specially indicated in cases where sperm count is substantially low or the quality is poor.
- Blastocyst culture is when the embryos are grown for a longer duration in the laboratory, where they undergo critical developmental changes before being returned to the womb.
- Assisted hatching is weakening the embryo shell to help them hatch before being transferred to the womb.
- Surgical sperm retrieval is a minor surgical procedure to harvest sperm from the testicles.
- Electro-ejaculation is a minor theatre procedure to overcome problems of erection and ejaculation.